简要介绍了国外先进地基空间监视系统的发展现状，从地基光电系统观测空间目标的角度描述了星火光学靶场35 m口径望远镜系统及367 m口径高级光电(AEOS)望远镜系统，给出了这两种望远镜系统的工作性能和所开展的工作。通过对这两套系统的设计理念和先进单元技术的研究，对构造“用于卫星成像的地基光电系统”的相关技术进行了初步探讨；针对目前提出的“对卫星成像的大口径地基光电观测设备”的总体研制方案，提出了建造应用自适应光学技术的18 m地平式望远镜的观点，提出该系统应设计为一个功能可扩展的光学平台。
The present situation of advanced groundbased space target detecting systems at abroad are introduced in this paper. Then, two kinds of ground based optoelectronic tracking systems for detecting the space target, 35 m telescope and 367 m Advanced Electric Optical System(AEOS) telescope, are described and the working performance and working missions for two telescopes are given. On the basis of the design concept and advanced technological schemes reported above, the technologies relating to “ground based optoelectronic system for satellite imaging” are discussed. For the overall scheme of “large aperture ground based optoelectronic observation equipment for the satellite imaging”, the viewpoint to build a 18 m altazimuth telescope with adaptive optics technology is put forward, which suggests that the telescope is designed to be an optical table with expandable function.